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Symptoms and Treatment of Heartburn

  • Heartburn is the situation when the contents of the stomach get refluxed to the esophagus. The esophagus is responsible for carrying food and fluids from the mouth to the stomach. The cardiac sphincter acts as a connector between the stomach and the esophagus. The cardiac sphincter is closed from food entering the stomach from the esophagus. In certain situations, the cardiac sphincter Is weakened or stops operating appropriately. It is in these situations that the contents of the stomach leaks back into the esophagus. This causes heartburn. As the contents get back to the esophagus from the Stomach, this process is known as reflux. Hiatal hernia is also a common cause of heartburn. Hiatal hernia is a condition when the stomach pushes first through the diaphragm and then into the chest. Also, in conditions of pregnancy, when the progesterone hormone level usually relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter as a result of which the reflux takes place. Obesity is also a huge cause of heartburn. 

    Some steps on how to get rid of heartburn

    Below are listed some usual methods on how to get rid of heartburn;


    • Quit smoking regularly
    •  Try losing weight Cut down on your consumption of alcohol and contents with caffeine in it.
    • Try avoiding extra spicy foods. Do not rest on your bed, immediately after having food.
    •  For a quick relief blend baking soda with water 
    • If you have heartburn symptoms usually, keep apple cider vinegar. Gulp a few sips of it to get quick aid.  
    • Try drinking up a cup of ginger tea or just ginger
    • Stand straight with your upper body lifted up 
    • Use of antacids for quick relief is suggested 
    • Medications like omeprazole and ranitidine are more effective for heartburn but usually take a longer time.

    When should you visit the doctor?

     After trying the immediate remedies on how to get rid of heartburn, if the following symptoms persist or new ones develop you must visit the doctor.

      • Recurrence of the heartburn symptoms more than twice a week
      • Experience reflux in the middle of sleep
      •  Persistent heartburn and loss of weight


    • None of the methods of how to get rid of heartburn works.
    • Finding it difficult in swallowing food 
    • Continuous puking and tiredness
    • A type of cough develops with no previous symptoms